Stress — Friend or Foe? ~ David Pasikov

Via on Nov 8, 2011
By: TimOve
By: jetheriot

Go back in time to when we as a species were hunter-gatherers. Let’s say your ancestor is out picking berries when she hears the roar of a saber-toothed tiger and realizes that she is being hunted. Her survival mechanism, which has evolved over thousands of years, automatically takes over. Her hypothalamus sends a message to her adrenal glands and almost instantly, she can run faster and jump higher. Her strength has increased to attack if necessary. Her hearing and sight are improved and her brain is processing data faster. Evolution has also taught her that her best escape may be to “freeze.” Instinctively she knows that prey which remain frozen during a threat are more likely to avoid detection because predators primarily perceive moving objects rather than color. The mechanism by which “freeze” occurs is an activation of the dorsal branch of the parasympathetic nervous system referred to as a “dorsal dive.”

By: Sean Dreilinger

Freeze appears not to be an option for your ancestor. Her respiratory system joins in to her defense and her nostrils, throat and lungs open up. Breathing speeds up for her to get more oxygen. Deeper breathing also helps her scream more loudly. The adrenaline doubles or triples her heart rate. This sends nutrient rich blood to the large muscles needed to run or fight. To reduce the threat of bleeding to death if she is wounded, the capillaries or tiny blood vessels under the surface of her skin constrict which causes her blood pressure to spike. To free up energy to meet the threat, secondary body functions such as her immune system, digestion and sexual function temporarily shut down. The autonomic nervous system has two branches and the threat has activated her sympathetic nervous system branch in order to save her. Once she is safe and the danger is over, she rests and trembles to re-boot her nervous system into parasympathetic nervous system dominance, shifting from “Fight or Flight (and Freeze)” to “Rest and Digest.” We know she survived because you are here.

By: Irish Typepad

Now imagine yourself speeding to work on a busy highway. Suddenly a reckless driver cuts in front of you, almost causing a collision and gives you a rude gesture out his window. Even though we are sophisticated members of the 21st century, the same mechanism that kept your distant ancestor alive kicks in for you. You have the same biological response to the threat except you are stuck in a “tin can” hurtling down the highway and you can’t safely freeze. You can go into road rage and try and fight or get back at the person but you are stuck back in traffic, stewing in your own chemicals.

Any perceived threat can trigger this mechanism. We can be at home and receive a call from the bank and suddenly we are in fight or flight or freeze mode, waiting for the bad news. The person from the bank is calling to say there is a bank error and $200 has been added to our account. Now we have to re-calibrate our autonomic nervous system from this false alarm. If we have a sustained time of real threats or false alarms, our autonomic nervous system can keep firing and we can be what is called, “sympathetic nervous system dominant.” In other words, our survival mechanism and its bio-chemicals can stay stuck in the “on” position, keeping us poised to spring into action. This can lead to adrenal gland exhaustion and stress related disorders such as, hypertension (high blood pressure) heart disease, insomnia, immune system ailments, migraines and sexual dysfunction. Anything you can do such as yoga, meditation, exercise, breathing techniques, etc. can help you re-calibrate back into parasympathetic dominance.

Copyright © David Pasikov 2011

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David Pasikov is a past president of the Colorado Association of Psychotherapists and has a private practice in Boulder, Colorado. Over the past 30 years he has helped thousands of teens, adults, couples and families transform stress into strength and pressure into performance. He also is certified as a coach and a mediator.

In addition, for several years he has been a corporate trainer. He has facilitated trainings with Intuit, Aera Energy (a joint venture of Shell and Exxon Mobil) and Amerigroup. David is the U.S. coordinator for Life Alignment, a system of energy healing and transformation that he uses as a form of body-centered psychotherapy. He is an assistant professor at Holos University where he teaches Life Alignment part time. The common thread for all these services is helping people release blocks in their lives so they may have a deeper experience of fulfillment.

For more information about David and his services, please visit www.pasikov.com or call 303 442-6366.

 

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14 Responses to “Stress — Friend or Foe? ~ David Pasikov”

  1. Karen Eliot says:

    Among autistics/Aspergians a freeze reaction is a known response to confusion and threat. We’re wired more like animals, perhaps. We certainly seem to commune with them more or differently than other humans do.

    • David Pasikov says:

      Hi Karen,
      Thanks very much for posting your reply. I was unaware of that and will look into this response pattern further.

      All the best,
      David

  2. marallyn says:

    thank you so much david…this article really helped me understand and manage my stress levels better

  3. Wow, nice David! Thanks for laying this out in such basic, relateable terms. There are times when I know meditations and breathing are the best solution and I don't always do it …. now I understand why and how it works. Thanks!

    • Hi Denise,
      Thanks for taking the time to read the article and commenting. I am pleased that this perspective helps increase your understanding of how this affects each of us and supports you in more effective self care.
      David

  4. Love this! As a stress management coach and soon-to-be massage therapist, stress related info always interests me. I read something recently about moderate amounts of stress making us more productive. I think it's all about balance – especially in regard to the endocrine & nervous system as you mentioned.

    • Hi Kate,
      Thanks for "loving" the article. Like you say, there can also be healthy stress which is referred to as eustress – in my experience, it is about balance. I wish you well with your coaching and new career. David

  5. Jessica says:

    David, I love the way you explain things. It's always so enjoyable to get the info from *you*!

  6. Ms. Mac says:

    This is a wonderfully succinct explanation of how perceived threats affect us, David. I work with at-risk first-year college students, and their stress levels can become debilitating if left unchecked. We talk about stress response mechanisms in terms of test anxiety, in particular, but a significant percentage of my students come from difficult and/or dangerous backgrounds where myriad threats are the norm. I plan to share with them what you've written here; your narrative is perfect — and perfectly understandable. Thanks so much!

    • Ms. Mac,
      Thanks very much for your kind words and I am honored that you would choose to share this with your students. Having worked with at risk youth and inner city students earlier in my career, I salute you for the vital work that you are doing in the world. All the best, David

  7. [...] more I get caught in the questions, the more trapped/confused/angry/scared I feel. Survival mode kicks in and I start making plans, solving problems and fixing my circumstances. I busy myself with [...]

  8. Hi Shelley,
    Thanks for you comment. Your means of re-calibrating are wonderful suggestions. I was in a workshop recently on stress and the presenter said that if we have an incident that puts us into sympathetic dominance by going into fight, flight or freeze, it takes three days to shift out of it. So if we have two of those a week, we have sympathetic dominance stuck in the on position. I have to research this further as I did not have the opportunity to ask what research he based his statements on but I found it interesting. My hunch is that doing self management activities like you are doing can help us reset ourselves in less than three days but again, I have to look into that.
    All the best,
    David

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