Carbon footprint is the term to describe the sum of all the carbon emissions created by everything we do on Earth. This includes people, things, events and corporations.
The need for alternate energy and major climate change initiatives has never been more vital, now that the world’s carbon emissions have reached an all-time high. Fortunately, several of the world’s billionaires have pledged their support to find a solution. The online publication, Quartz, is designed to keep the world up to date with exciting energy tech news, and it reports that there are currently several prospective projects funded by Breakthrough Energy Ventures (BEV). This is an investment fund solely focused on solving the world’s energy crisis and is a joint effort created by Bill Gates, but works in conjunction with other investors such as Jeff Bezos, Richard Branson, and Michael Bloomberg, to name but a few.
Commonwealth Fusion Systems (CFS) is focused on creating a sustainable, affordable, worldwide fusion-based energy within the next 15 years. Fervo Energy is developing proprietary technology that will utilize enhanced geothermal systems (EGS) that will be able to deliver electricity at a low cost of 5 to 7 cents per kilowatt-hour. QuantumScape is a company focused on battery-power, with an emphasis on replacing gasoline so they can power electric cars. They hope to be commercially available by 2025. Volkswagen has already signed on, investing $100 million towards this exciting venture.
When you think of carbon emissions, you don’t often think about the concrete industry. However, CarbonCure has developed a method of concrete production that helps store greenhouse gases as minerals instead of releasing them into the atmosphere. This has the added bonus of king the concrete more robust.
CO2 is the largest contributor to climate problems, but people often overlook how much nitrous dioxide is released into the air just from using fertilizer. Researchers have discovered that certain bacteria living in the soil have the ability to transform air-based nitrogen into nutrients which enrich the soil. The result is better crops and fewer greenhouse gas emissions. A company called Pivot Bio is taking advantage of this natural phenomenon by using synthetic biology to create a spray-based formula to help encourage this transformation.
People around the world need access to clean, drinkable water. Zero Mass Water has designed specialized solar panels that can be easily installed, in even the driest regions. These panels are able to extract water from the air, helping to provide drinking water. This, in turn, eliminates the carbon footprint caused by people having to deliver water to those in need.