How to write a good report
A report is a formal document that is written to address a particular topic or problem. At some point, you will most likely be required to write a report on a course or job. The report may be accompanied by special requirements or allow freedom for creativity regarding the choice of details considered. Regardless of the presence or absence of special requirements, a good report is always distinguished by accuracy, conciseness, simplicity and competent organization.
Preparation for writing a report
Review the requirements for the report. If you are writing a report for a school, you can ask your teacher or refer to best assignment help to give you specific writing instructions. For a working report, you need to clarify the requirements with the boss. First of all, you must understand what information needs to be included in the report. Be sure to follow all the requirements while working on the report.
Be sure to check with your supervisor or teacher about the required length of the document, the need for tables, images, or diagrams, and discuss small details like font size and type.
A report usually consists of a title page, abstract, introduction, description of the methods used (if applicable), results (if applicable), comments and conclusion.
Choose a topic. The topic of the report is assigned by the head or chosen independently. If possible, choose a topic that interests you, especially when working on a long-term project. You can also choose a relatively unfamiliar topic. In this case, you will be able to learn something new.
Before starting work, you need to understand the topic and understand the purpose of writing a report.
Reports are an integral part of many scientific and technical courses. Sometimes it may be necessary to write a report on a book read or another report on a humanitarian subject.
If choosing a topic is difficult for you, you can look for inspiration in the newspapers, your favorite magazine, or an online news service. You can consider a current event (of a political, sporting or economic nature), as the subject of “mass culture” provides a huge amount of information.
Familiarize yourself with your chosen topic. Read information on the topic. You can use books from a university or public library, or look up information online. A good report requires you to have a deep understanding of the topic under consideration. It is very important to use the most up-to-date information, so carefully study all available information before writing.
Start with a “broad” analysis of the topic (as opposed to a “deep” study). This means skimming through various sources of information instead of long and painstaking work with a small number of articles.
If you’re working on a multi-faceted topic (for example, one that allows for a wide-ranging debate like the death penalty), then you need to have an understanding of all aspects in order to consider the arguments for and against.
You can arrange a meeting with a bibliographer-consultant to select the necessary literature. The consulting bibliographer is able to identify reliable sources that can be used to collect information on your topic. In addition, a consulting librarian can guide you through the research process and teach you how to use online databases.
Use reliable sources. Your topic can be considered by many sources, from which it is necessary to choose the most reliable and reliable. Credible sources will list the author, who may be from a respected institution (university, news agency, government program or agency).
If you doubt the reliability of a source, discuss it with your teacher, supervisor, or librarian. Sometimes unsubstantiated or poorly written articles are published under the guise of peer-reviewed research, so don’t fall for this trap.
The target audience. It is important to understand who your report is intended for: for a group of experts in a particular topic or people who do not have basic knowledge of the subject? The report must be written with your target audience in mind.
If you are writing for people who are not familiar with the topic of the report, then be sure to give the main provisions (general information, background information and necessary terminology). Don’t start with a complex description of the problem without first knowing the context.
To dive into the context, you need to answer the questions “what is the importance of this topic?”, “who studies this topic, what research is being done and why?”, and also “what are the broad implications of studying this issue?”.
If you are writing for specialists, you can freely use complex vocabulary and jargon that is specific to your topic. However, if your work is intended for beginners and people who are not familiar with the issue, then it is better to do without jargon and incomprehensible terms, or immediately give definitions to concepts.
Organization and structure of the report
Start with an annotation. This part contains a brief description of your report and an answer to the question “What did you do, for what purpose and what did you learn?”. The abstract is no more than half a page.
You can return to annotating after completing the main body of the document. It is only important that in the final version of the report, the abstract should be placed before the main part.
Write an introduction. This section indicates background information on the topic of your report. This part should also include a review of the literature (if available).
The introduction should state the problem or topic that is being explored in your report. It could be a scientific question like the growth rate of mealworms or current events like airport security improvements.
Provide generalized data on the research, but do not get carried away with this information. The main focus of your report should be your work, and not consideration of third-party research.
If you conducted an experiment and write a report about it, then in the introduction you need to describe such an experiment.
State your methods or the main aspect of the analysis. In scientific papers, such information is usually presented in the “Methodology” section. In this section, you need to explain what methods, techniques and materials you used.
You can list the methods in chronological order, starting with the first. You can also group them by type. This approach is optimal for humanitarian research.
Describe the actions you performed in the past tense.
State the results. In this section, you must present your observations or results obtained using these methods. Provide a brief description of the experiment or operation (with less detail than in the Methodology section) and report the main results.
There are different approaches to presenting the results. They can be arranged in order of importance or complexity, as well as by type.
Now is not the time to explain the results. For this, the following section is provided.
Consider the received data. This is the main part of the report. Here you analyze the results and explain their meaning. Summarize the most important findings at the very beginning of the section on https://writingassignment.net/write-my-speech/, and in the following paragraphs proceed to a detailed discussion.
Explain the relationship between the results obtained and scientific calculations.
Please indicate what additional research will help fill gaps in your work or resolve remaining issues.
Explain the broad meaning of the results. This will be the answer to the question “What’s next?”. What will your discoveries bring? Why are they useful and important?
In some reports, it is necessary to provide a separate conclusion, reminding the reader of the most important points. However, in most cases, conclusions can be drawn at the end of the main part.
Additions and clarifications
Report what you have learned. Try to imagine the report as telling the reader about “here’s what I did and here’s what I learned” or “here’s what I know specifically about this topic.” Don’t try to impress the reader; try to convey information. This way, you can impress him without having to go public.
Use professional vocabulary. Avoid “slang”. For example, instead of saying “we got great results,” write “the results we got are of great importance and significance.” Don’t use conversational phrases. Your text should not look like a conversation with a friend, but rather like a professional report.
Discuss with your teacher (or supervisor) whether it is acceptable to write in the first person (writing sentences where the pronoun “I” is the subject). As a rule, the use of the first person is not allowed in scientific papers and reports. However, in some cases, the first-person narrative is more effective and persuasive. The answer to this question should not be guessed, but clarified with your supervisor.
Write clearly and concisely. Sentences should not be long or difficult to understand. Use short sentences with a clear structure. Avoid unnecessary commas, semicolons, and colons. Short and precise sentences are an important sign of a good report.
Use unambiguous and active statements. The structure of your sentences should be something like this: “I researched the topic, found the following data, and got the following results.” Avoid the passive voice whenever possible, as it can make it harder for the reader to understand the report.
sections and headings. They make it easier to structure the information in the report and also make it more interesting for the reader or reviewer.
To make the title stand out from the rest of the text, you can use bold, italic, or larger font for it. If there are specific recommendations regarding the style of design, they provide all the requirements for headings.
Use a large number of reliable sources. The more sources, the broader your understanding and knowledge of the topic under consideration, the more information that can be included in the report, and the lower the likelihood of accidental borrowing.
Reliable sources include books and textbooks, newspapers, academic and trade journals, government reports, and legal documents. They can usually be found in printed and electronic form.
Don’t be afraid to ask a librarian if you’re having trouble finding information on your topic! A good librarian will successfully cope with this task.
Do not trust the primary sources, which are based on subjective opinion. In other words, you want primary sources that are based on facts, and all claims are supported by real data.
Prepare ahead of time. It takes a lot of time to write a good report. It is important to allow enough time to prepare, write and edit your report. It is recommended to start work a few weeks before the expected deadline. The exact time depends on the speed of work, volume and additional requirements.
Set aside time to study the issue at hand. You must become thoroughly familiar with your topic, study all available material. By the time you’re ready to start writing, you’ll already have a clear idea of what you’re going to present in your presentation.
Set aside the time needed to proofread and revise the report. The original version should be only a draft. Prior to being handed over to a teacher or supervisor on https://writingassignment.net/write-my-research-paper/, your report is subject to several proofreading and revisions. Leave enough time to make the necessary edits and make changes if you want to write a really good report.
Check grammar and spelling. Read your report carefully to find any possible errors. Computer spell checker is not perfect. For example, you might misuse the words “him” and “him” without being noticed by the automatic spell checker. Pay attention to every little detail (including grammar and spelling), because they determine the quality of your report.
Check the formatting. The document must meet all the requirements put forward. These may include the presence of a title page, font type and size, and margin and padding.
Critical review of the work. The revision should be more than just proofreading and correcting errors. Arrange a critical review of all work. First of all, you should pay attention to such errors that reduce the overall quality of your report. You may need to delete or rewrite entire paragraphs.
Ask yourself: Is my report achieving its goal? If the answer is no, you cannot do without significant changes.
Report review. If possible, ask a trusted friend, peer, or colleague to read your paper. In addition to spelling errors you may not have noticed, third-party remarks can provide important critical insights into the quality of the material. This will make the report even better.
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