July 26, 2019

Why are we so Self-Centered?


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You know how when you trip walking down the street, it feels like the entire cityscape of people is staring at you in amusement?

Or when you’ve worn the same pair of pants three times in one week, you’re completely paranoid your colleagues are judging you for your lack of fashion sense (or cleanliness)? What about when you fumble over your words in a presentation and then can’t stop thinking about how every person in the room now thinks you’re a terrible speaker?

As human beings with an ego and an innate awareness of our own feelings, actions, and thoughts, we tend to notice and greatly exaggerate our flaws while assuming everyone around us has a microscope focused on faults, mistakes, and slipups. In truth, other people don’t notice them nearly as much as we assume. Why? Because they’re too busy noticing and greatly exaggerating their own flaws!

This strange phenomenon is what’s known in psychology as the spotlight effect. You’re the center of your own world, and everyone else is the center of theirs. If you’re someone who sets high standards for yourself, your errors probably feel difficult to move past. You might play your mistake on an endless, internal feedback loop like a cinematographer in the editing room. Or maybe you talk through every facet of it with your significant other, best friend, or a colleague over and over until you’re making them crazy, too.

Why exactly are we so, literally, self-centered? In part, it’s due to something called anchoring and adjustment. We’re anchored in the world by our own experiences, so we have trouble adjusting far enough away from those to assess how much others are paying attention to us.

Think of it this way: when the ship is anchored in port, it’s difficult to gauge the enormousness of the rest of the ocean. Similarly, when you spill toothpaste on your shirt but are too late for work to change, you may go through the rest of your day so anchored in your personal experience of wearing a stained shirt that you can’t adjust to consider that it doesn’t register in others’ viewpoints. In reality, people are consumed by their own lives and far from caring that you have a spot on your shirt.

The illusion of transparency is another cognitive phenomenon that contributes to the spotlight effect. We all tend to overestimate the degree to which others know our mental state. On the flip side, we also overestimate how well we know other people’s mental states. Because of the illusion of transparency, we assume that whenever we do something we think is dumb and cringe internally, everyone around us can tell. We think we can gauge accurately what they’re thinking—that what we just did was dumb. Ergo: the spotlight effect.

Okay, so all the psych jargon aside, how do you squash feelings of self-consciousness or social anxiety brought on by the spotlight effect?

Try these tried-and-true tactics:

Apply the “So What” Test.
So what if the guy next to you on the subway is staring at your book cover in horror? So what if you’ve been walking around with your shirt buttoned one button off for an entire day? Think about it: what is honestly, really truly going to happen? What will it mean a few days, a week, or a year from now? Nothing of consequence. You’ll survive!

Shift Your Focus From Internal Cues to External Cues.
When the spotlight effect affects you most saliently, it’s because you’re convinced your internal cues of anxiety—sweaty palms, elevated heart rate, feelings of doom or dread—are noticeable to others and that they’ll, therefore, judge you even more harshly. It’s helpful to learn to slowly shift from thinking about internal cues to external ones.

For example, are your colleagues’ faces really agape in horror when you screw up a line in your presentation? Is everyone in the park actually laughing at you when you take an awkward trip wearing a new pair of heels? Turn your attention to the physical evidence around you. You’ll find little to none that indicates the situation is as embarrassing as you think it is.

Put Yourself in Uncomfortable Situations.
Another tactic to consider in learning to overcome the spotlight effect is placing yourself in purposely uncomfortable scenarios, like randomly requesting a percentage off your lunch order from a café. The more you become secure in awkward social situations and master your behavior in them, the more you’ll be able to resist the emotional impact of the spotlight effect and realize how little others fixate on you.

For example, if you feel self-conscious asking the waiter for special changes to a dish, you may be afraid they’ll laugh at your request, decline, or, at worst, mock you. But they also may be more than happy to grant your request with no questions asked—and give you props for asking. Either way, you’ll be surprised at how little they and your lunch buddies judge you for it and how quickly they move past it.

Double Your Efforts.
Although it might seem counterintuitive, sometimes it helps to be more grandiose rather than timid when it comes to drawing less attention. Take a cue from acting coaches: the key to a convincing stage performance is to double everything from facial expressions to gestures to reactions. The effect is one of confidence and security, rather than the bald, self-consciousness communicated by small, meek actions.

It’s normal to have a moment of self-doubt. But thanks to the spotlight effect, our blunders often feel way more severe than they are. Next time you’re struggling to move past a mistake, stop and remind yourself of the spotlight effect.


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