50% of US Bees Dead. “We’ve been doing this 30 years, & we’ve never experienced this kind of loss before.”~ Jeremy Hance

Via on Mar 28, 2013
Honey bee (Apis mellifera) collecting pollen. Photo by: Jon Sullivan.
Honey bee (Apis mellifera) collecting pollen. Photo by: Jon Sullivan.

Colony Collapse Disorder: Common Pesticides Disrupt Brain Functioning in Bees.

Update via Reddit r/permaculture:

Recent bee related death reports:

Bee deaths a result of pesticide Safari; count upped to 50,000 dead insects

Meanwhile, other reports of bees dying around Wilsonville and surrounding towns have prompted Xerces to check whether similar pesticides were used elsewhere.

“My worry is that we’re going to lose sight of the real message,” said Mace Vaughan of Xerces. “I think we’re (using insecticides) all over the place, and people are doing it in their backyards without even knowing it.”

U.S. Bee Deaths From Colony Collapse Disorder May Be Tied To Diet, Study Finds (Boston, MA)

Agrichemical and pesticide makers like Monsanto, Bayer AG and Syngenta are also launching projects to study and counter colony collapse.

Few deny that pesticides – particularly a class of commonly used insecticides called neonicotinoids – can be harmful to bees in the laboratory. It is unclear what threat the insecticides pose under current agricultural usage. Some scientists say habitat decline and disease-carrying parasites, such as the Varroa mite, are the chief cause of bee deaths.

Agri-giants trying to solve bee deaths (St. Louis, MO)

One of every three bites of food we consume depends on pollination by honeybees, but these overlooked contributors to our food system are continuing to die in stubbornly perplexing ways.

In 2006, beekeepers started noticing that bees were abandoning their hives, a phenomenon scientists dubbed Colony Collapse Disorder. Since then, the American bee population has dropped by an average of 30 percent every year, sending researchers, beekeepers and farmers into a head-scratching frenzy to figure out the cause.

Study links insecticides to bee deaths (Quebec, Canada)

According to Jean-Pierre Chapleau, spokesman for the Quebec Beekeepers’ Federation, beekeepers want neonicotinoid insecticides banned.

“Neonicotinoid insecticides are overused,” he says. Chapleau said that beekeepers don’t blame farmers, because they can’t buy seeds that have not been treated with insecticides even if they want to.

The industry says that’s not accurate.

Scottish bee deaths double in a single year (Scotland)

SBA president Phil McAnespie said: “Last summer and autumn were very bad, which is obviously an issue and viruses are associated with that. “I think most of the losses are down to the weather. Obviously, there is concern about neonicotinoids and there is ongoing research into that but I don’t think they have played any major part in this [the increase in bee deaths].”

Update: Animal agriculture carnage: Third of all honeybee colonies in England did not survive winter (guardian.co.uk)

Update: Bee keepers’ use of corn syrup and other honey substitutes as bee feed may be contributing to colony collapse (reuters.com)

Update: 1/3 of US Honeybee Colonies Died Last Winter, Threatening US Food Supply – “We’re getting closer & closer to the point where we don’t have enough bees in this country to meet pollination demands,” said entomologist Dennis vanEngelstorp, who led survey documenting declines. (wired.com)

Update: It’s confirmed: It’s getting worse. Cover of the NY Times today, edging out even the Taliban. Thing is, this threat we know how to stop.

bee colony nytimes bees

“Bee Die-Off Soars, Putting Crops at Risk A mysterious malady seems to have expanded drastically in the past year, wiping out as many as half of the beehives needed to pollinate much of America’s produce.”

Exposure to commonly used pesticides directly disrupts brain functioning in bees, according to new research in Nature.”

While the study is the first to record that popular pesticides directly injure bee brain physiology, it adds to a slew of recent studies showing that pesticides, especially neonicotinoids, are capable of devastating bee hives and may be, at least, partly responsible for on-going Colony Collapse Disorder (CCD).

Christopher Connolly with the University of Dundee in Scotland and his team exposed honeybees to two pesticides at levels encountered in the wild: neonicotinoids and miticidal pesticides.

By recording brain activity after exposure, the researchers found that both pesticides directly hampered bee brain functioning, including blocking neurons from firing. The findings are especially notable for studying bees after exposure to the miticidal pesticide, which is used directly on bee hives to safeguard them from a common parasite, the Varroa destructor mite. In this case, however, the cure may be worse than the disease. Connolly explains:

“Much discussion of the risks posed by the neonicotinoid insecticides has raised important questions of their suitability for use in our environment. However, little consideration has been given to the miticidal pesticides introduced directly into honeybee hives to protect the bees from the Varroa mite. We find that both have negative impact on honeybee brain function.”

Furthermore the researchers found that when bees were exposed to both chemicals—the neonicotinoids and miticidal pesticides—their brain functioning and learning abilities were hurt even more.

The study is the first to show the direct brain impacts that may explain why bees exposed to these pesticides slow aberrant behavior, including losing their way easily and slow reactions.

Scientists both in the U.S. and Europe have recorded the complete collapse of hives following exposure. However, pesticide companies have continually argued that their products cause no harm to bees even as high-profile independent research from multiple sources appears to be telling a very different story.

The research has spurred some policy movement. France has banned the use of neonicotinoids on certain crops. The EU proposed a ban on neonicotinoids for two years after a committee looked at the research for six months. However, the ban was scuttled by opposition from Germany and the UK, though it could still come up in appeal.

Most recently, nine beekeeping and environmental groups sued the U.S. Environment Protection Agency (EPA) for failing to take action to protect bees.

Bees are key plant pollinators, and their decline has worried scientists, farmers, and policymakers worldwide. In the U.S. alone, bee pollination is estimated to be worth $8-12 billion. While bee declines have occurred in the past, researchers believe this one is much more severe.

Citation: Mary J. Palmer,Christopher Moffat, Nastja Saranzewa, Jenni Harvey, Geraldine A. Wright, Christopher N. Connolly. Cholinergic pesticides cause mushroom body neuronal inactivation in honeybees. Nature Communications. 4, Article number: 1634. doi:10.1038/ncomms2648.

From our friends at mongabay.com.

Ed note: Please sign the petition urging the EPA to ban the pesticides that  are harming bees.

 

Mongabay.com provides news, information, and analysis on environmental issues, with a special focus on tropical rainforests. The web site features more than 70,000 photos and has a section about forests for children available in nearly 40 languages.

 

 

Like elephant enlightened society and elephant green on facebook.

Join our new Google+ community.

Ed: Lynn Hasselberger

About elephant journal

elephant journal is dedicated to "bringing together those working (and playing) to create enlightened society." We're about anything that helps us to live a good life that's also good for others, and our planet. >>> Founded as a print magazine in 2002, we went national in 2005 and then (because mainstream magazine distribution is wildly inefficient from an eco-responsible point of view) transitioned online in 2009. >>> elephant's been named to 30 top new media lists, and was voted #1 in the US on twitter's Shorty Awards for #green content...two years running. >>> Get involved: > Subscribe to our free Best of the Week e-newsletter. > Follow us on Twitter Fan us on Facebook. > Write: send article or query. > Advertise. > Pay for what you read, help indie journalism survive and thrive. Questions? info elephantjournal com

9,955 views

Appreciate this article? Support indie media!

(We use super-secure PayPal - but don't worry - you don't need an account with PayPal.)

12 Responses to “50% of US Bees Dead. “We’ve been doing this 30 years, & we’ve never experienced this kind of loss before.”~ Jeremy Hance”

  1. BBolder says:

    It was just last week a bizarre EJ article came out claiming that certified organically grown food was just as harmful as chemically produced … glad EJ is setting the record straight.

  2. Adrianna says:

    Oh to see the tiny little probes used to monitor brain activity in bees.

  3. Nicole Weinberger says:

    We'd better BEE wise.

  4. Linda Lewis Linda V. Lewis says:

    If –our federal governments are slow to respond to science, perhaps the states and provinces of USA + Canada can take action against these poisons and ban them!

  5. RobZorfull says:

    How frustrating… I can't sign this petition as there is no ' Outside the USA' city or zip code. So far Australia has the best bee population in the world.

    • Well Honey says:

      Don't say that Rob. Before you know it, America will be out of bees and feel the need to attack your country for yours. They are that important, probably more so than oil. This article has Monsanto written all over it… even though, elephant journal never said that.

  6. Pammy says:

    Concerning for us to learn bees are disappearing. Bees are one of the finest, biggest and effective manufacturers of natural and pure honey and existence of bees will make impact on honey producing.
    bee pollen

  7. simsbug says:

    bee nice if the link to sign the petition worked.

    • elephantjournal says:

      You are correct and thank you so much for alerting us to the fact that it wasn't working. It's fixed, so please sign away. Warmly, ed.

  8. Tom says:

    BREAKING: 99.9% of all dinosaurs on Earth did not survive the asteroid impact 65 million years ago.

    Seriously, enough fear mongering…

    "Scientists have estimated that over the course of Earth's history, anywhere between 1 and 4 billion species have existed on this planet. Be it through disease, genetic obsolescence, over-predation or any number of other factors, the overwhelming majority of these species are now extinct. Of these billions of species, roughly 50 million still survive into the modern era. While these numbers are certainly extreme at first glance, it serves as proof that extinction, while a sad occurrence, is a part of life for all living things." http://curiosity.discovery.com/question/how-speci

    Humans fear change – we like everything to stay the same, all the time. The same way we don't like our favorite restaurants going out of business, we don't like thinking that a species will go extinct (because it makes us realize that WE could go extinct). We fear that "everything will collapse" in a sort of butterfly-effect if one tiny cog on the gear breaks. This is absolutely not the case, as we know because of our scientific understanding of biology and ecosystems.

    People also forget about this little thing called "evolution", which, as we know, is driven by "survival of the fittest". The species that best adapt to changes in their environment are the ones that survive. If the bees don't make it, they don't make it – just like the billions of other species that didn't make it (even before humans were around…). Changes in environment can cause species to go extinct, but look around – there is life EVERYWHERE. These changes can range from natural disasters, to asteroid impacts, to shifts in climate due to continental drift, to overpopulation of predators, to the under-supply of food source, to disease.

    Reality: the population count of all species is always changing, and sometimes they go extinct. That's life, folks.

    Maybe all the bees dying off isn't as scary as you think…stop freaking out, and please, stop fear mongering. Life will continue on this planet as it has for appx. 2 billion years.

    I know what your counter fear-driven argument is going to be: "BUT IF ALL THE BEES DIE THEN OUR FOOD SUPPLY WILL DWINDLE BECAUSE THE BEES POLLINATE MOST OF OUR CROPS! THEN WE'LL BE THE ONES AT RISK OF POPULATION DECLINE!" Except that…that's not going to happen, for multiple reasons.

    There are lots of numbers out that that get thrown around. I've seen claims as high as "1/3 of the foods we eat"…but here's the thing: just because we currently eat certain foods, doesn't mean we need to eat them to survive. You know what grows without the intervention of bees? Most plants…including the foods that sustain most of the world: from corn and rice, to potatoes to various leafy greens. Second, evolution is similar to capitalism: if there is supply available, a demand will arise. So honey bees stop pollinating? Well, either a stronger species of honey bee will come about or different species will take their place in the usage of the pollen (causing pollination). Bees aren't the only species that use pollen, you know. If there is more pollen to go around for other species (because the bees aren't using it), those other species will likely grow in population and continue the pollination work of the bees.

    Life on this plant is far more complex than you can imagine. Stop worrying about every single little cog…the planet, and the life on it, will continue as it has for 2 billion years.

  9. Great article! That is the type of info that are supposed

    to be shared around the web. Shame on Google for now not positioning this put up upper!

    Come on over and talk over with my site . Thanks =)

Leave a Reply