At a recent news conference, a question by New York Times reporter Mark Landler pushed President Obama to speak at some length about climate change.
In his answer, Obama re-iterated his acceptance of climate science and discussed how progress on tackling climate change might proceed in his second term, though he also noted that he wouldn’t put action on the climate ahead of the economy. President Obama made a small reference to climate change in his victory speech following his historic re-election last Tuesday, but his answer today was the most the president has talked about the issue at any length since Hurricane Sandy.
“We can’t attribute any particular weather event to climate change,” Obama said, echoing what climatologists have been saying for years. “What we do know is the temperature around the globe is increasing faster than was predicted even 10 years ago. We do know that the Arctic ice cap is melting faster than was predicted even five years ago. We do know that there have been an extraordinarily large number of severe weather events here in North America, but also around the globe.”
This summer Arctic sea ice extent fell to a new record low, shocking scientists by how quickly the Arctic seasonal ice was vanishing. The ice melted to just 3.4 million square kilometers (1.32 million square miles), beating the previous record—set in 2007—by 18 percent. The Arctic sea ice nadir is now about half as small as it was in 1980.
In addition, this year alone, the U.S. has suffered a barrage of record heatwaves and fires, while still facing a crippling drought across much of the country. Meanwhile, a number of recent studies have found increasingly confident links between rising temperatures and a global rise both in number and severity of droughts, heatwaves and floods.
In his answer, Obama touted a number of policies he pushed through in his first term—such as increasing fuel efficiency in vehicles and supporting clean energy—though there was no mention of the climate legislation that he supported which failed to pass the Senate.
“But we haven’t done as much as we need to,” he said. “So what I’m going to be doing over the next several weeks, next several months, is having a conversation—a wide-ranging conversation—with scientists, engineers and elected officials, to find out what more can we do to make short-term progress in reducing carbons and […] what realistically we can do, long term, to make sure that this is not something we’re passing on to future generations that’s going to be very expensive and very painful to deal with.”
Still, Obama did not go so far as to say that cutting greenhouse gas emissions would take precedence over economic growth or jobs.
“There’s no doubt that for us to take on climate change in a serious way would involve making some tough political choices and you know, understandably, I think the American people right now have been so focused and will continue to be focused on our economy and jobs and growth that, you know, if the message is somehow we’re going to ignore jobs and growth simply to address climate change, I don’t think anybody’s going to go for that. I won’t go for that,” he said. “If, on the other hand, we can shape an agenda that says we can create jobs, advance growth and make a serious dent in climate change and be an international leader, I think that’s something that the American people would support.”
An annual report by the International Energy Agency (IEA) released this week noted that if the world is to stick to its pledge of keeping global temperatures from rising above two degrees Celsius (3.6 degrees Fahrenheit) than “no more than one-third of proven reserves of fossil fuels can be consumed prior to 2050.” The IEA’s estimate, however, is based on only a 50 percent likelihood of avoiding a planet that jumps the two degrees Celsius mark.
Scientists have long warned that jumping the two degrees Celsius mark could put the globe on the road to catastrophic climate change; to date the Earth has warmed 0.8 degrees Celsius (1.44 degrees Fahrenheit) since the early Twentieth Century; Some scientists have warned that even the two degrees Celsius goal is simply too high.
Obama referred to tackling climate change as “hard” but “important.”
“You know, one of the things that we don’t always factor in are the costs involved in these natural disasters. We just put them off as something that’s unconnected to our behavior right now, and I think, based on the evidence, what we’re seeing is that what we do now is going to have an impact and a cost down the road if we don’t do something about it,” he said.
There was so little mention of climate change during the 2012 U.S. elections by the presidential candidates and the media that environmental activists had begun to declare that a “climate silence” had swept over the U.S.; that changed when Hurricane Sandy brought 14 foot swells of water over the New Jersey shoreline and flooded lower Manhattan on October 29th, causing at least $20 billion in damages across the U.S. East Coast.
The impact of climate change on hurricanes is by no means fully understood and more research is needed. However, scientists generally agree that climate change is increasing the severity of hurricanes—if not the number—through rising sea levels, more moisture in the atmosphere (a hotter world means increased evaporation) and greater intensity.
*Adapted from Mongabay.com.
Mongabay.com provides news, information, and analysis on environmental issues, with a special focus on tropical rainforests. The web site features more than 70,000 photos and has a section about forests for children available in nearly 40 languages.
Ed: Bryonie Wise
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