The Eight-Fold Path: Who Cares?

Via on Apr 14, 2012

During my post-graduate work, a professor bluntly asked me, “Who cares about the eight-fold path of yoga anyway?”

In other words, does any of it matter if people are satisfied with the physical? Posing this question (as rude as it may seem) actually led to interesting discussions as to whether or not students need to be aware of all that yoga offers. The problem, of course, is that learning yoga as exercise is half, perhaps even less, of all that yoga is. This, in turn, posed the question, “Why settle for less?”

The foundation of the practices of yoga is based on eight stages or limbs called Ashtanga yoga. The word ‘Ashtanga’ is often understood today as the system of yoga taught by the late Shri K. Pattabhi Jois. However, the eight-fold path is the ground in which all systems of Hatha yoga get united. The Yoga Sutras, a classical text written over 2000 years ago by Sage Patanjali, outlines these stages. What first appears as a linear step ladder from one stage to the next is a system that is highly interconnected. For most people, yoga begins with stage three, the asanas (postures). But this usually gets connected to stage one, the yamas (a set of five ethics), and stage two, the niyamas (a set of five observances or practices), as one moves along.

While Hatha yoga is more widely known today than its counterpart Raja yoga (the royal path), it is the latter practice that makes it complete. The right understanding of Hatha yoga (including Ashtanga yoga) is that it leads to Raja yoga, with the reverse being true. The physical postures were designed to strengthen the mind and body. The system of Hatha yoga, whether it be Ashtanga, Iyengar, Sivananda, Bikram yoga or otherwise, purifies the body for deeper practices in concentration.

So is it that no one cares? Or that people just don’t know?

Traditionally, yoga was understood and practiced as a means for enlightenment. That is a big word. For Patanjali, the goal of yoga was to see through the illusions of the concept of the ‘self’, a process that led to Samadhi (the eighth stage). In the West, the understanding that the self is a fixed identity is a bit harder to melt down. It also does not help that most of what is depicted as yoga in media is flat tummies and pulsating biceps.

Yoga is a process: a discovery that the world and our identities are not as solid as we may think. As a yoga teacher, it is not easy to introduce these more esoteric topics. Baba Hari Dass put it best when he said, “We come into this world believing we are this body, but we do not even know who this ‘me’ is, who is claiming the body.” I like this a lot because it hits the nail right on the head.

Yoga, as an eight-fold path, offers this great and tangible means to investigate and explore, not just postures but the deeper meaning of life. The practice may begin with the physical, but leads to the mental. Yoga Master B.K.S. Iyengar clarified this by explaining how we start with what we know (i.e., the body). Since the state of enlightenment or breaking our illusions may elude us, we begin with the body and with the eight stages of yoga. As Iyengar once said,

“It is through your body that you realize you are a spark of divinity.”

The answer to the question of who cares if students know the eight-fold path is obvious. Whether they directly lecture on the topic is another story, but that they hint toward the deeper nuances is going to change the way people practice.

So yes, it matters a lot when we care about the practice, the students and the teachings.

Read more:

Eight Things You Should Know About Backbends.

Myth: Your Teacher is Going to Give You the Answers.

What’s in a Teacher?


~

Prepared by Soumyajeet Chattaraj/Edited by Tanya L. Markul

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About Heather Morton

Heather Morton currently teaches classes and retreats internationally including in India. She became known for her work on yoga backbends by producing Freedom of the Body DVD ; an instructional practice video on backbending. Since its conception it has continued to reach students all over the globe. For 15 years, Heather directed The Yoga Way (TYW); a Toronto yoga school she founded offering structured yoga programs and no drop-ins. Over the last 17 years she has returned 17 times to India to study yoga under her teachers including Shri K. Pattabhi Jois and Yogacharya Venkatesha in Mysore. Coming to yoga, however, was not her original aspiration after starting what looked like a promising modelling career. Heather left Canada to live and work in South Korea; a pivotal shift in search of 'herself'. After extensive travelling and teaching, Heather returned to Canada to study yoga and founded TYW. As a post-graduate student she also conducted ethnographic research on Yoga for children in Mysore and obtained a Masters of Education. Heather has been featured in The Globe & Mail, Toronto Life Magazine and other media sources. In between teaching, practice and motherhood she writes for YogaLife, HelloYoga and MindBodyGreen. Find her on facebook.

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8 Responses to “The Eight-Fold Path: Who Cares?”

  1. Debra says:

    Fyi: The eight-fold path is Buddhist and something entirely different than the eight limbs of yoga.

  2. Brandon says:

    The problem is that wht we call ‘yoga class’ is incorrect. It’s like calling a class about multiplication calculus class. To call these exercise classes yoga completely belittles the true depth and scope of Yoga. Yoga is the practice and goal of union with our divine selves. What americans practice should be called Asana class. The problem is when we take an 8 path process to enlightenment and present it as an exercise program. as Americans we should understand this ancient practice and recognize it for what it is. If you don’t want to practice anything more than asana then say you practice Asana… Not yoga.

  3. Asana class….that is indeed the correct way to putting it.

    Patanjalim's 8-fold path is not entirely different from Buddhism; there being some overlap. And since these practices arose during the time time period….it is no wonder that some of their understandings are similar….Or to put it another way could be understood as being related and have been discussed in many arenas as such..

  4. Thank you for your comments…..As a yoga teacher I believe it is important to be aware of this…..even if you cannot teach it directly. Many Yogis/yoginis understand that the practices of the asanas will eventually lead to niyamas and yamas….

    I am not entirely convinced about that….~ but atlas, a topic for another post!!!

  5. […] The Eight-Fold Path: Who Cares? ~ Heather Morton […]

  6. […] the journey of yoga, in each step of the Eightfold path, we are all finding access to deeper places in ourselves. We are searching for many things: peace, […]

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