Different Types of Tea & Their Remarkable Benefits.

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cup tea hot drink

I gave up coffee about seven years ago, after I traveled throughout Italy and tasted (by far) the best made cappuccinos and espressos known to woman.

The aroma, the flavor, the simplicity of each small cup, perfect froth, and conversation at counters with random strangers made each and every coffee tasting more meaningful. After returning to America and back to the ritual of my breve latte purchased daily at local coffee hangouts (two shots espresso with a smidge of thick half-and-half), I realized that the perfect cup of that morning jolt was not anywhere near like the Italian version, but my wallet was taking a major hit when the prices rose every year for my simple addiction.

I always drank tea, though.

Green tea was the afternoon delight and accompanied my random dark chocolate choices throughout each day and passing year. Knowing that I wasn’t relying on the 300mg. of coffee caffeine to get me started each day, I began to acknowledge that green tea was better for my overall health, it offered a smoother start to the morning, and I saved an armful by brewing my own at home.

One of those little pleasures that might often go unrecognized was to opt for tea over coffee. In doing so, my monthly income wasn’t compromised by needing to visit every local coffee joint in town, whether eclectic or not, and my mood seemed more on an even keel.

The tea-drinking ritual also was more in alignment with my meditation, yoga, and love of nature.

I lost all reasons to rush out the door due to the caffeine high I was experiencing on the breve lattes, or the need to meet up first thing with super conversationalists, when I would have rather been quiet and still with a hot cup of tea.
These simple steps took me a while to adopt, yet knowing my health is priority with my own history of family breast cancer, I gave up coffee for good and decided tea was the best choice in discovering more about my inner and outer desires.

Tea is more complex than people think. Learning more about the different types of tea and their benefits widened my scope on flavors, scents, where the leaves originate, and what foods to possibly pair with each tea decision.

If you find yourself in contemplation over tea versus coffee, you might want to consider these tea options and their benefits:

green tea leaves

1. Green tea—by far the most popular tea sipped across the world. Study after study of green tea and its antioxidant benefits show it aids in everything from reducing fibrocystic nodes to weight loss to digestive problems, proving that green teas have the most diverse and abundant leaves for health. Each aroma is different—some mild, others very strong—yet the overall complexity of green tea can be scented with flowers or mixed with fruits to produce the influence of the low caffeine stimulation and anti-cancer properties.

oolong tea

2. Oolong teas—this strong black tea was actually revered by Buddhist monks who trained monkeys to harvest the leaves from the tops of wild tea trees, where it became a cultural staple in all of Asia. The loose form has the most caffeine content with the highest possible grade having an orchid-like aroma and smooth finish. Sometimes referred to as “Black Dragon “ tea, the oolong leaves are potent and can aid in the reduction of cholesterol levels, formation of strong bones, preservation of heart health, and strengthening the immune system.

white tea

3. White teas—while green and black teas are the most popular, white teas are less processed and are the purest of all teas. They possess the highest antioxidant properties of any tea, and its supreme power is in preventing disease and disorder. Everything from radiant skin, strong bones, heart disease, cholesterol-lowering, and a host of numerous healthy benefits, the white tea family is one of nature’s greatest gifts.

Herbal tea

4. Herbal teas—caffeine-free and laden with infection-fighting characteristics, herbal teas help with nausea, colds, indigestion, combating the first signs of infection, sleep disorders and many other therapeutic virtues. The range of herbal teas is vast, as is the benefits of each one. Ginger, nettle, chamomile, thyme, jasmine light green, cinnamon, peppermint and even St. John’s Wort, these are simply a few of the amazing tea options. Avoid the synthetic herb teas and go for the organic varieties, as these contain a better quality leaf. Drunk a few times per day, herbal teas without artificial flavorings are the perfect remedy for creating a healthy internal environment.

yerba mate tea

5. Mate teas—coffee lovers rejoice! Mate teas are made from the leaves and twigs of the yerba mate plant, and it is the one tea that tastes just like coffee. It is favorably compared to green tea in its benefits, yet it has five times the antioxidant qualities that green tea does. Mate tea can help you think more clearly, alleviate bad breath, and help with an upset stomach, to name a few. South American and European countries have long understood the benefits of mate tea, and America is now catching up. Overdoing it though can result in too much of that “coffee high feeling” which can work against you in over-stimulation and make you feel a bit jittery. A good cup of mate however can help with allergies, increased metabolism, and digestive disorders.

Within each category of the teas above there are oodles of types and stimulating flavors to explore and taste.

If you were to visit a tea leaf shop and browse the shelves of the many varieties, no doubt you might experience that similar feeling that visiting a book store provides—lots of new virgin smells, so many genres, catchy titles, interesting origins and alluring outer covers.

And don’t forget the amazing benefits that each leaf provides to enrich your life; a ritual indeed.

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Editor: Catherine Monkman

Photos: Jito Ray/Pixoto,  Steve Snodgrass/Flickr, elephant archives, Akuppa/Flickr,  www.maitse.tv/Flickr,  bkajino/Flickr

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Gerry Ellen

Gerry Ellen is an author, freelance writer, and wellness consultant. She recently launched her own gig called *8 Paws Wellness with Gerry Ellen* which combines all of her passions (outdoors, yoga, strength, meditation, writing, dogs, fun!) Her first novel Ripple Effects was published in March 2012. As a regular contributor to elephant journal, Be You Media Group, Light Workers World, Meet Mindful, Tattooed Buddha and Rebelle Society, she also balances incredible friendships, heart-centered connections, and sharing her experiences of life and love. These are the things that matter to her most. Her second book A Big Piece of Driftwood, published in April 2014, is also available on Amazon.com.

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anonymous Mar 4, 2016 6:14am

I do love Herbal teas, especially Chamomile. its flavor and taste are so great. I think you should suggest some different kinds of Herbal teas which are prefered most. that will make your atclice more useful.

anonymous Mar 3, 2016 5:15pm

I was amazed at huge benefits of tea which i have never known before. maybe I should give up drinking coffee to drink tea. thanks for your article

anonymous Feb 28, 2014 2:19pm

Definitely need to add Pu-Erh to this list, which has some of the strongest benefits, especially when it comes to diabetics. It prevents glucose spikes when taken with meals and increases the body’s sensitivity to insulin. Thank you for spreading the word of tea!

    anonymous Feb 28, 2014 5:01pm

    Thank you, Paul, for mentioning Pu-Erh. I actually just tasted it for the first time today, and wished I had added it to the list. Maybe next go round will include many more, as the list keeps growing! I appreciate you sharing the health benefits of Pu-Erh. Happy tea time to you!

anonymous Feb 27, 2014 12:01pm

I find it interesting that green tea, white tea and black tea all come from the same plant. It is how the leaves are processed that determines what "color" the tea is.

    anonymous Feb 27, 2014 1:39pm

    The Camellia sinensis plant. The diversity in the tea varietals is based on climate, altitude, part of the plant being used, flush, and how the tea leaves were handled while being picked. Each tea leaf has its methods of processing that is very unique from one to the other. These tea *experiments* have been passed down for hundreds of years. I find it very interesting as well. Thank you for commenting. 🙂

anonymous Feb 27, 2014 11:31am

I've recently switched from coffee to tea and I really enjoy it! I save my coffee for just Sunday's. Any of your favorite's you'd recommend for a beginner?

    anonymous Feb 27, 2014 1:27pm

    Hey Melanie! Great to hear about your transition. I'm a bit of a green tea junkie, throwing in a chai or yerba mate or some other unusual blend, depending on mood and weather. My favorite green tea ranges from Tazo *china green tips* to Yogi tea *Kombucha or Super Antioxidant" to Numi's *sencha green* blends. There are so many. If you prefer green teas, I would start with the milder jasmine teas. I do enjoy an *earl grey* every now and again. I'm still exploring, so I think I'll have more to taste myself as the years wear on. Thank you for your words!

anonymous Feb 27, 2014 12:07am

Tea, always, but I've not given up on coffee. I recently discovered the wonderfulness of fresh coffee at home (not instant or drip). Your beans of choice + grinder + french press. No need for purchasing daily at local coffee hangouts! 🙂

    anonymous Feb 27, 2014 7:31am

    Sounds fabulous, Emily. I love the smell of freshly brewed coffee, no doubt! It was something I gave up for a number of reasons, and I have to say that exploring different teas has become an interesting passion of mine. Thanks so much for your comment! 🙂

anonymous Feb 26, 2014 11:24am

Hi Nice article, but some of your information is incorrect.

Oolongs are not black teas. They are oolongs. Black tea is black tea.

The spectrum of teas goes from green to black. The greeness or blackness of a tea has to do with the level of oxidation, exposure to oxygen, that takes place before a tea is cured(dried). Ollongs represent the entire scale between green and black. So an oolong can be nearly green, nearly black or anywhere in between.

Also you forgot all about pu-erh.

I won’t go into all of the other things you missed, but some research would really help.

    anonymous Feb 26, 2014 11:48am

    Thank you for your words, lipton jones. I was more shedding light on the health benefits of each tea versus the actual process of the teas that transcend from one color to the next. I do appreciate your knowledge though, and wanted to mention only the teas that are more common. Rooibos is one that I definitely needed to add to the list. Thank you again for your insight.

anonymous Feb 26, 2014 4:22am

Beautiful article, always love a good advocation for tea over coffee.

However, let's not forget Rooibos (aka Red Bush). Personally it has now become my favourite and I enjoy it as often as my greens. Lower tannins (less bitter) and caffeine free.

    anonymous Feb 26, 2014 10:34am

    Thank you, Ash. I so agree with you on Rooibos. Certainly not a forgotten tea at all; I just forgot to mention it, however it's significance and health benefits are so good. 🙂

Linda Stevens Jul 5, 2018 9:08pm

Herbs are not teas. They are healthful and yummy but not tea. True tea comes from the Camellia Sineses plant. I'm sure you know this but your readers may not.