The Beauty of Buddha. ~ Brian Holihan

Via elephant journal
on Mar 11, 2013
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Chiang-Mai-One-2043 buddha by Brian Holiahan

I’ve found Thai art to be some of the world’s most beautiful.

The more of it I see, the more I enjoy it.

While Florentine artists and architects were developing three dimensional perspective in the 15th century, Thai sculptors perfected their own art forms.

They express a different way of seeing the world, but this way is equally fascinating.

The Sukhothai style of Buddhist art is the most honored in Thailand.

Chiang-Mai-One-2045 buddha by Brian Holihan

The Golden Buddha in Bangkok’s Wat Traimit (the above two shots) is one of the most revered statues in this form. Sukhothai artists preferred to portray him in this pose—with his right hand calling the earth as a witness. (This is a cool inter-cultural comparison with St. Matthew’s gesturing to the Gospels.)

Chiang-Mai-One-1247 buddha by brian holihan

The demon Mara was trying to thwart Sakyamuni’s enlightenment—he would have lost his power if the Buddha had taught people how to extinguish their cravings. The soon-to-be Buddha countered his assault by pointing to the earth to prove his merit, which he had earned over hundreds of past lives. A goddess called Dharani, who personified the earth, emerged and wrung her hair. Water from his donations in past lives flooded the ground and flushed Mara and his soldiers away. Sakyamuni then attained enlightenment.

So this statue represents a very auspicious moment, just before Sakyamuni became the Buddha. But the confrontation is made soft. The body’s concave forms flow like a river.

Chiang-Mai-One-1789 by Brian Holihan

Even the fingers resemble waves. The body has no deep folds in drapery and no muscles to suggest mass. Thais often liked to sheathe the body in bronze or gold—the Buddha in Wat Traimit is solid gold. These metals gleam. They don’t direct your eye to specific features. They radiate energy.

This perspective was influenced by ancient Southeast Asian cultural patterns of living in a tropical environment and settling around rivers.

The abundance of life-forms encouraged a sense that the world is infused with animated energy.

Thais embraced Buddhism as they liberated themselves from the Khmers in the 13th century and built their own states. Over the next 200 years, artists perfected ways of synthesizing this sense of nature’s power with the Buddha’s compassion.

Chiang-Mai-One-1418 by Brian Holihan

Just after reaching enlightenment, the Buddha softly smiled. The Sukhothai style’s face is all grace. Nothing confrontational. No flowing beard or leering eyes. Every square inch flows as softly as the fingers.

These gentle art forms have helped Thai society cohere—its people value fun over confrontation. These forms don’t convey as much information about details as Florentine sculpture and paintings do, but they’re rooted in an equally ancient and rich cultural landscape. Their beauty can give you many reasons to smile.

Brian HolihanBrian Holihan is a native of the San Francisco Bay Area, and he became fascinated by the variety of the world’s cultures at the age of seven. He has studied and traveled in China, Southeast Asia, India, Europe, Africa and the Middle East. He loves books, music, hiking, running, the ecology, animals and humor. Some of his favorite travel memories are of playing music, including accompanying an opera singer in Kaifeng, China, playing metal in a rock band in Kota Bharu, Malaysia, and playing reggae with locals on the beach in Mauritius. He’s finishing a book about a new way to perceive the world’s cultures which will promote the most peace, happiness and creativity.

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Ed: Lynn Hasselberger


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5 Responses to “The Beauty of Buddha. ~ Brian Holihan”

  1. orb-weaver says:

    I appreciate the simple appreciation of this article. Thanks!

  2. My pleasure. Thai art is full of enchantments, and it has infinite variations.

  3. Peter says:

    Thanks for this.

    Having just got back from Thailand I can attest to the beauty of the Buddha images you find there. In Bangkok alone there's Wat Po (and not just the main reclining Buddha), Wat Sutat and countless others. Unfortunately it can be hard to appreciate some of the statues when there are so many other visitors wanting to see them but for every temple on the tourist trail there's another that you'll have all to yourself.

    Of course in Thailand you see Buddha images everywhere in homes, shops and public spaces and it's these small personal statements which are probably the essence of Thai Buddhism rather than the grand statements in the large temples. Many of the large temples make claims for their Buddhas: the largest, the most gold, the heaviest etc and while they looking amazing, I do find myself wondering whether this is somehow missing the point of the Buddha's teachings…

  4. Sally says:

    I have often thought the same Peter, when seeing all the gleaming gold. In the west gold is expensive and we drape ourselves in it if we are rich enough, and too much of it can seem tacky rather than stylish. It can be a status symbol rather like a flashy car is. Which is just showing off.
    I suspect they see gold in a slightly different way to how we do. When I was in India I noticed all the seemingly tacky fairy lights everywhere but it was pointed out to me that they were up in celebration of 'light', which totally changed my perspective of them. I had imagined them in the context of the road I live in at Christmas, and what a relief it is when the gawdy decorations are removed.
    I would be interested to read Brian's understanding on this.

  5. B. M. Khanna says:

    Beauty of the Buddha lies in his teachings! Tread the path so beautifully enunciated by the teacher supreme, and see the results for yourself! I bow to the Lord and pray to Him to bestow his divine grace upon us to unentangle the knots of ill will, enmity, anger, jealousy, unending stream of desires and above all our illusion of 'self' so intricately woven into our consciousness since times immemorial! May all treading the path attain to Boddhichitta for the benefit of all sentient beings!