For those who don’t know, handmade items are the new next big thing. It’s more than just a hobby; it’s a big business.
The popular website, Etsy was worth over three billion dollars when it went public last April. A month after Etsy went public, Amazon launched a direct competition to it with a section called Handmade, which specializes in handmade goods. The February 2016 issue of Better Homes and Gardens reports that 18 percent of all vendors on Etsy sell their goods full-time. In a nutshell, there is a lot of money to be made in the handcrafted industry.
However, the question remains: When we purchase a handmade item, do we ever really know what we’re getting?
Much as the popular buzzwords “local,” “organic” and “natural” conjure up certain images, which may have little to do with reality, so too does “handmade.” As with many unregulated terms, just because an item says it is handmade, that does not necessary mean it was made by the hands selling it—or indeed, it may not have been made by any hands at all.
Even more confusing are the policies of many sites like Etsy and Amazon. As a Think Progress report explains, while the latter, “forbid[s] factory-made items of any kind or those made from a kit,” Etsy does not. In fact, starting in 2013, Etsy allowed for the sale of some manufactured goods. The next year, they amended that by saying that “outside manufacturers were allowed to help sellers keep pace with demand, but only if the seller retained creative authority and passed the application process.”
If you think the confusion is limited to the online sector, you’d be mistaken.
Just north of me is Washington, DC, home to the Crafty Bastards Arts & Crafts Fair, which bills itself as, “an exhibition and sale of handmade goods from independent artists.” It is held twice a year, and by its own admission it is quite competitive to get vendor space. Per their website, “In past years, we’ve received over 500 applications for 170 available booth spaces.”
While the rules, especially the one calling for all products to be handmade by the vendors themselves, seem to promote “local,” this isn’t necessarily the case. For example, one vendor, DeNada, who is indeed based in Washington, DC, actually has their products made in Peru. While they claim to be handmade—and there is no reason to doubt their word—the fact still remains that a customer at the fair is not actually going to meet the person who made their item. (An inquiry as to where the items sold at Crafty Bastards were made was answered with the following: “Crafty Bastards [will be] a mix of items that were handmade by Virginia in our studio as well as items that were handmade by artisans in Peru.”)
For those wondering why this is even an issue, it’s because the use of child labor is often a problem in the handmade goods industry.
In 2014, a Harvard report entitled “Tainted Carpets” found that the use of child labor was extensive in India’s handmade carpet industry and some of these rugs were sold in upscale U.S. stores, including Neiman Marcus.
Another problem is counterfeit items. (At least one report found over one million fake items on Etsy alone.)
So, what is a consumer who wants to buy handmade items to do?
Until there are better regulations, we can know who made our purchases. Ask directly who actually made that sweater, table or ring. If someone says they designed it, ask if they actually made it themselves, because in some case, the designer and the person or persons who made said items may be different.
Furthermore, don’t be afraid to get an expert opinion, especially when it comes to buying items that claim they are silver, gold or containing gemstones.
Lastly, think about why you are purchasing an item. There is nothing wrong with purchasing an item because we simply like it, but those of us who want to buy items that are ethically-made and environmentally friendly need to look past the term, “handmade.”
As the above demonstrates, even if an item is made by hand, it may not be made by the hands we assume.
Author: Kimberly Lo
Editor: Toby Israel
Image: Joanna Kosinska/Unsplash